|Lanao Del Norte|
No. of towns: 22 (excluding Iligan City)
Land area: 3,092.04 sq. kms.
Location. Located in the Northern Mindanao area along the northern-western coast. The province is bounded on the north by Iligan Bay and the Province of Misamis Oriental on the west. On the south is the Province of Lanao del Sur. Panguil Bay borders at the west and the boundary of Zamboanga del Sur. The province is within Region 12 area.
Overview. Lanao del Norte´s main City was aptly named "gateway to the South". A visit to Iligan City at once opens one´s heart and mind into the essence of Mindanao, its contrasting and yet compelling qualities. Iligan provides both the wonders of nature and industrial attractions which soothe a cosmopolitan´s frayed nerves without lulling him into forgetting the challenges of an urban life.
Iligan City is strategically located in the northern coast of Mindanao which faces Iligan Bay. The City is bounded on the south by the towns of Linamon and Baloi, both of Lanao del Norte; on the north by Misamis Oriental´s municipality of Lugait; on the east by territories of Lanao del Sur and Bukidnon provinces; and on the west by Iligan Bay. It became a chartered city in June 1950 and was named as one of the country´s 9 highly urbanized cities in 1983 when the local government code was passed.
Brief history. Due to the massive influx of Christian settlers in the coastal area of the then province of Lanao, the province was subdivided into what is now Lanao del Sur with pre-dominant Christian population by virtue of Republic Act. No. 2228 on May 22, 1959.
Lanao del Norte has been affected by the secession movement that hit Mindanao during the recent few years. Its growth and development has proceeded at a fast fare during the past and current heads and the continued availability of hydro-electric power augurs well for the future of the province.
Climate. Lanao del Norte has a short mild dry season from January to April covering and average monthly rainfall of three inches. The wet season lasts from May to december with seven inches monthly average rainfal. The annual temperature is 80°F.
Topography. The province has an irregular topography, about 44% of its extremities are mountains, but towards the coast in the north, the land surface is slightly rolling with low hills and gentle slopes along the coast of Panguil Bay, poorly drained lowlands covered with mangrove can be found. Several rivers traverse the province. The most important of them is the Agus River which feeds the Maria Cristina Falls, one of the major source of hydro-electric power for the provinces and neighboring provinces.
23 municipalities and 1 city comprise the province with Iligan City, a highly industrial community, servicing as the provincial capital in the past. With the new Governor at present, the provincial capital of the province was transferred to Tubod, one of the progressive municipality of the province.
People. In Lanao del Sur the Maranaos predominate, while in Lanao del Norte the majority of the Maranaos concentrate in the towns near the border of Maranao. Maranao dialect is used in the Maranao communities.
Language / Dialect. The proximity of the north coast of the province to central Visayas Island has made the area an ideal migration destination for Cebuano - speaking population for the 80,602 private households, 77.0 % speak Cebuano. Urban areas as well as rural areas are predominated by household speaking the same dialect with 90.80 % and 74.63 %, respectively. Maranao the second commonly used dialect comprised 21.16 %. Only 0.66 % speak Tagalog, 0.1%, Hiligaynon (Ilongo) and 0.09 %, Lineyte - or Waray.
Major Industries. Agriculture, fishing and forestry are the dominant source of income in Lanao del Norte. Community, social and personal services constitute the second group. The third in rank are educational services, public administration and defense, and manufacturing. Mining and quarrying have the lowest percentage.
The harnessing of the Maria Cristina Falls as source of power spurred the industrial growth of the Iligan Metropolis and eventually of Mindanao. Iligan City originated from a woodland village covered with growth of trees and under brust known as Bayug, located three to four kilometers away from today´s bustling metropolis.
Aside from being the source of power, the province also engages in the manufacture of steel, bricks, wheat flour and its related products, and cement; production of liquid chlorine, poly-vinyl, caustic soda, hydroelectric acid, electrometallurgical products, and coconut oil.
Points of Interest
Bayug. Site of the first Christian settlement founded circa 1600.
Mt. Agad-Agad. Served as a major look-out during the Japanese Occupation.
Iligan Museaum. Located in an old residential house of the late Don Ubaldo Laya along Badelles St.
Cultural Minorities. The Togolan tribe, descendants of the earliest inhabitants of Iligan, live in the mountain barangays of Rongonon, Mandulog, Digkilaan, Dulag and Mainit. This tribe belongs to the broader Higaonon classification of upland tribes.
Maria Cristina Falls. Iligan´s greatest heritage, it is the most resplendent among the city´s 20 waterfalls. Also known as the "Mother of Industry" and "Fountain-head of Progress. It is 320 ft. high and the veritable source of industrial life in the city. It is 8.5 kms. from the city proper.
Mimbalut Falls. A not-so-high and mighty falls with a drop of approximately 90 ft. high and is 18 ft. wide, but very alluring with its natural hewn pool of limpid water. It is a site to behold and provides a very enjoyable swimming spot, the water being fresh and cool. It is 11 kms. from the city proper.
Tinago Falls. As literally implied, it is hiden in a deep ravine, the falls cascading beautifully into a basin-like pool, calm, deep and icy cold. It has an elevation of approximately 420 ft. It is 13 kms. from the city proper.
Dodiongan Falls. A 65.60 ft. high falls cascading down a concrete-like boulder. It´s tranquil, cool water and lush vegetation makes it a real haven for nature lovers. The pool at the foot of the falls is very ideal for swimming. Distance from the city proper is 14.5 kms.
Limunsudan Falls. Brgy. Rogongon, 54 kms. away. It has the claim of being the country´s highest waterfalls. It is a beautiful two-tiered falls, the lower cascade alone is higher than the 320 ft. drop of Maria Cristina Falls. It has a total of 870 ft. It is close to the eastern boundaries of Iligan City with Bukidnon and Lanao del Sur.
Bridal Veil Falls. Brgy. Ma. Cristina, 14.5 kms. from the city proper.
Milagrosan Falls. Brgy. Kabacsanan, 8.5 kms. from the city proper.
Maranao Falls. Brgy. Kabacsanan, 14 kms. from the city proper.
Malinao Falls. Brgy. Kabacsanan, 18 kms. from the city proper.
Pindarangonan Falls. Brgy. Rogongon, 27.5 kms. from the city proper.
Gata Falls. Brgy. Rogongon, 28.5 kms. from the city proper.
Kibalaug Falls. Brgy. Rogongon, 31.5 kms. from the city proper.
Kamadahan Falls. Brgy. Falls, 26.5 kms. from the city proper.
Abaga Falls. Brgy. Ma. Cristina, 15.0 kms. from the city proper
Langilanon Falls. Brgy. Puga-an, 2.5 kms from the city proper.
Linamot Falls. Brgy. Bunawan, 11 kms. from the city proper.
Hindang Falls. Brgy. Bunawan, 14 kms. from the city proper.
Malaigang Falls. Brgy. Digkilaan, 14 kms. from the city proper.
Malapacan Falls. Brgy. Mainit, 15 kms. from the city proper.
Kalisa-on Falls. Brgy. Mainit, 16.5 kms. from the city proper.
Cathedral Falls. Located 17 kms. from the city proper.
Kiwalan and Kawanay Falls.
Camp. Alegre Falls.
Timoga Cold Springs. Located at Timoga, Brgy. Buru-un, 9 kms. away from the city proper. It is known for its cool crystal clear waters freely flowing down-stream to several swimming pools. Sheds, snacks bars, cottages and lechon (roasted pigs) stalls are available.
Sadyaan Cave. Located in the deep forest of Rogongon. It is a three-chambered cavern with stalactite and stalagmites looking ominus to strangers. The cave is said to be inhabited by creatures of another world which makes it sacred to the natives.
Timoga Beach / Swimming Pools. Timoga 9 kms. from the city proper.
Snowland by the Sea. Sta. Filomena, 9.5 kms. from the city proper.
Reg´s Floating Shed. Sta. Filomena, 9.5 kms. from the city proper.
Samburon Beach. Samburon, Lanao del Norte, 13 kms. from the city proper.
Lacida Beach Resort. Linamon, Lanao del Norte, 12 kms. from the city proper.
Magoong Beach Resort.
Karomata Beach Resort.
Laguron Beach Resort.
Anahaw Amphitheater. Located at Buhanginan Hill in the southeastern side of the city hall, 2.3 kms from the city proper. Probably the biggest open amphitheater in Mindanao ideal for cultural plays, sports activities and open air parties.
Iligan City Hall. Situated on a hill, 130 ft above sea level, the seat of the city government of Iligan built in 1957. Buhanginan Hill is a favourite promontory of Iligaynons for viewing the sunset or skyline of the city by night.
National Steel Corporation - Guesthouse. Rising 200 ft. above sea level. 5 kms away from the city proper, located in Barangay Suarez, it commands a generous view of Iligan Bay. It provides a glimpse of Maranao influence, set in a beautiful landscape. It has a swimming pool, gymnasium, tennis court and pelots court. Prior arrangement with the NSC officials must be made before a visitor maybe allowed to enter.
Iligan Cement Corporation (ICC). Located at Barangay Kiwalan, 9 kms. from the city proper. ICC is one or the top ten cement manufacturers in the country. Established on February 19, 1971 by Mr. Conrado Alcantara, this company is the 16th cement processing plant to be established in the Philippines and the only local cement and clinker exports.
ICC manufactures two types of cement: Premium and Rockland Pozzolana. Its product are sold to both foreign and domestic markets. This is distributed all over the land and is selling satisfactory with market Developers, Inc. (MADE) facilitating distribution. Premium cement enjoys a stronghold in the markets of Indonesia, Bangladesh, Australia, Malaysia and other Middle East and South East Asian countries.
San Miguel Corporation - Iligan Coconut Oil Mill (SMC - ILICOCO). Located at Brgy. Sta. Filomena, 7.8 kms from the city proper.
One of the two copra solvent extraction plants in the city. It was established in 1975.
Mindanao Portland Cement Corporation. Located at Brgy. Kiwalan, 9 kms. from the city proper.
Rustan (PICOP) Pulp and Paper Mills.
Fort Almonte Shrine.
Imelda´s Orchid Park.
Pinpin Swimming Pool.
National Power Corporation Complex. The site of Agus VI Hydro-electric Plant, the spillway/dam of Agus VI and VII. Its (multi- million pesos) regional center, staff houses for the executives and employees compound are also situated within the complex amidst landscaped lush gardens. Prior arrangement within NPC officials must be made before a visitor maybe allowed to enter. It is located in Ditucalan, Barangay Ma. Cristina, 9.1 kms. from the city proper.
Mabuhay Vinyl Corporation Park and Lagoon. Located on top of a hill within the MVC Plant, 7.5 kms. away from the city proper, the small park rimming the lagoon is a burst of color and life. A visitor has to secure permit from MVC officials.
Iligan Cement Corporation Guesthouse. Location on a hilly portion overlooking the sea, 15 kms. away from the city proper. It has a swimming pool, clubhouse and shell surface, tennis courts. Permits has to be secured for a visitor to enter.
How to get there. By air and by land. Lanao del Norte can be reached via Cagayan de Oro. Philippine Airlines flies to this city daily, from which at least 3 bus operators serve Cagayan-Iligan route. Travel by bus takes you 1 1/2 hours from Cagayan de Oro-Iligan-Tubod, the capital town of Lanao del Norte.
By sea, William Lines and Gothong Lines connect Manila and Iligan City.