No of Towns: 7
Total Land Area: 2,980 sq.km.
Location. Bounded on the east by Davao del Sur, on the north by South Cotabato, on the west by Sultan Kudarat, and to the south is Sarangani Bay and Mindanao Sea.
Geography. The terrain of Sarangani is characterized by flatlands, rolling hills, and mountains. The flatlands are found along the coastal areas. Except for Malungon, all of the towns of Sarangani are located along the coast. Rolling hills and mountains dominate the landscape of Malungon and the northern areas of the coastal municipalities. The mountains of the western municipalities form part of the Alip mountain range which connects the provinces of South Cotabato and Davao del Sur.
The towns of Maitum and Kiamba have forests stretching inland from the shore. Mt. Busa, at a height of 2,083 m, is its highest peak. More than fifty percent of the total land area of the province is hilly and mountainous.
Climate. Rainfall in Sarangani is evenly distributed throughout the year. Heaviest rainfall occurs from June to August. The driest months are March, April, and May. November to January are the coolest months of the year.
Language / dialects. The population of Sarangani is a mixture of people from various regions and tribes. Cebuano is the mostly widely spoken language, particularly in the municipalities of Alabel, Glan, Malapatan, and Malungon. In the municipalities of Maitum and Kiamba, Cebuano is second only to Ilocano as the most spoken dialect. The major dialects spoken by the ethnic groups include, among others, B'laan, Tasgakaulo, Maguindanao, and T'boli.
Major Industries. The main sources of livelihood are farming and fishing.
At least 26 % of the total land area of Sarangani is classified as suitable for agriculture. Coconut is extensively cultivated in the province, followed by corn and cotton. Ricelands account for only about 5 percent of the total cropland.
About 150 farms are engaged in the production of poultry and livestock. Goats outnumber all other farm animals in the Sarangani province. Hog raising is concentrated in and around Maitum while ducks are raised mostly in Kiamba.
The surrounding waters, particularly Sarangani Bay, are rich fishing grounds. As many as 2,400 species of marine animals have been found in the bay. The dominant catch include yellowfin tuna, shipjack, and mackerel. The primary focus of aquaculture in the province of Sarangani is prawn fishing. Prawn ponds are located on the eastern and western shores of the province. Tilapia and milkfish ponds are also found in different parts of the bay.
Woodlands account for a significant portion of the total land area of the province of Sarangani. In general, most of the farms in Sarangani are engaged in distribution while small number are involved with manufacturing.
Points of Interest
How to get there. It can be reached from Manila by Philippine Airlines going to Gen. Santos in South Cotabato and driving to Sarangani.